Paris, 31 July 2019
LE GROUPE LA POSTE 2019 FIRST-HALF RESULTS
Major strategic steps in the transformation of the Group's business model
Increase in operating revenue but financial profits impacted by low interest rates and the ongoing decrease in mail volumes
After meeting today under the chairmanship of Philippe Wahl, the Board of Directors of La Poste approved the consolidated financial statements for the first half of 2019.
“Our financial profits have been impacted by the continued fall in mail volumes and persistently low interest rates. At the same time, over the half year the Group has taken major steps forward in its strategic plan, with the creation of the large public financial unit, the consolidation of Asendia and a majority stake acquired in BRT, the leading Italian express parcel operator, announced today. The Group is also pursuing its investment programme to promote diversification and the development of all its business lines”.
Selected financial information on 30 June 2019
The first half of 2019 was characterised by the entry into force of IFRS 16 (Leases), which is applicable from 1 January 2019. Le Groupe La Poste is applying this standard based on the ”modified retrospective” approach. Consequently, the right-of-use asset, depreciated over the term of the lease, will be recognised under assets, and a lease liability equal to the discounted value of lease payments not yet paid will be recognised under liabilities.
The standard does not allow for the restatement of comparative years for 2018 (under the modified retrospective transition approach).
The financial information for the first half of 2019 therefore sets out the estimated impact of IFRS 16 on the 2019 fiscal year, and therefore enables a comparison to be made between the 2018 and 2019 fiscal years excluding the effect of this standard.
All changes observed and explained in this press release shall be assumed to exclude
|(In millions of euros) |
|30/06/2019 ||2019 IFRS 16 impact* ||30/06/2019 |
Excluding IFRS 16 impact*
|vs n-1 |
(excluding IFRS 16)
|vs n-1 at constant scope and exchange rates |
(excluding IFRS 16)
|in €M||in €M||in %||in €M||in %|
|Operating profit/(loss) |
(after share of net profit of jointly controlled entities)
|Net profit/(loss), Group share||474||+0||474||636||-162||-25.5%||-168||-26.4%|
|Net debt (ND)||6,231||2,534||3,696||3,442||+254||+7.4%||-||-|
|Equity Group Share (E) ||12,451||-149||12,600||12,014||+586||+4.9%||-||-|
Key ratios – La Banque Postale
|Common Equity Tier One Ratio ||12.7%||-||-||11.7%||-||+1.0pt||-||-|
|“Loan to Deposit” ratio||85%||-||86%||-||-1.2pt||-||-|
|(In millions of euros)||30/06/2019||30/06/2018 proforma*||Change|
|Published||At constant scope and |
|La Banque Postale||2,850||2,926||-2.6%||-2.6%|
|Other segments and intercompany||-245||-241||+1.7%||+0.5%|
* The proforma covers the segment reclassifications for the Services-Mail-Parcels, GeoPost and Digital Services business units
Le Groupe La Poste's consolidated operating revenue amounted to €12,795 million, up €549 million or 4.5% (+0.9% at constant scope and exchange rates), with differing trends depending on the business unit. The scope effect of +€436 million is most pronounced in the Services-Mail-Parcels business unit (+€425 million) primarily due to the consolidation of Asendia but also due to continued acquisitions in the Silver economy, and to a lesser extent in the Digital Services business unit. The exchange rate effect is negligible
|(In millions of euros)||30/06/2019||2019 |
IFRS 16 impact**
Excluding IFRS 16 impact**
(Excluding IFRS 16)
at constant scope and exchange rates (Excluding IFRS 16)
|in €M||in €M||in %||in €M||in %|
|La Banque Postale||492||-0||492||546||-54||-9.9%||-54||-9.9%|
|Network, other segments and intercompany||-397||+9||-407||-301||-105||+34.9%||-106||+35.1%|
* The proforma covers the segment reclassifications for the Services-Mail-Parcels, GeoPost and Digital Services business units
The Group's consolidated operating profit reached €572 million, down €268 million or 33.3% (-34.7% at constant scope and exchange rates). Please note that the first half of 2018 included €168 million in profit for a real estate site disposal, and that the first half of 2019 included the impact of government measures introduced at the end of 2018 (the capping of bank charges with an impact of €39 million).
Excluding these items, the change in the operating profit reflects the decrease in revenue from traditional mail activities and in the Bank's NBI, as well as the pressure on Express subcontracting and transport costs in Europe, perpetuating 2018's trend. This has led the Group to commit to a cost savings plan for 2019 and 2020, to save €300 million.
The net profit Group share reached €474 million, down 25.5% (-26.4% at constant scope and exchange rates). This change is primarily due to the reduction in operating profit, and to a lesser extent to the decrease in the financial result to -€124 million (versus
-€92 million in the first half of 2018), linked to the first-time adoption of IFRS 16.
Of note is the lower income tax of -€108 million (compared with -€200 million in the first half of 2018), linked to the decrease in profit before tax and the fall in the tax rate applicable to the Group (32.02% vs 34.43%).
The share in profits of equity associates was virtually stable at €143 million (€142 million in the first half of 2018), and essentially covers CNP Assurances (20.15%), and to a lesser extent BRT (37.5%) and Ninja Van (32.3%).
Net debt and financial structure
Free cash flow reached €132 million (vs €250 million at 30 June 2018). This change was primarily due to a decline in working capital, and to the fact that there were no major real estate disposals over the period.
Net debt increased by €2,789 million to €6,231 million. This change was largely prompted by the entry into force of IFRS 16, which led to a lease liability equal to the discounted value of lease payments not yet paid being recognised under liabilities (additional sum of €2,534 million). Excluding this effect, debt increased by €254 million.
Consolidated equity Group share totalled €12,451 million, up €437 million, including an IFRS 16 impact of -€149 million.
Consequently, the net debt/equity ratio was 0.50 (while the 2018 ratio, which did not include the IFRS 16 impact, stood at 0.29).
Credit ratings for La Poste have remained unchanged over the six-month period:
|Long and short-term rating||Outlook||Updated|
|Standard & Poor's||A / A-1||Positive||30/10/2018|
|Fitch||A+ / F1||Stable||11/09/2018|
By business unit
Revenue for the Services-Mail-Parcels business unit totalled €6,122 million, up
€351 million or +6.1% (-1.3% at constant scope and exchange rates). The scope and exchange rate effect of €426 million is primarily linked to the consolidation of Asendia in the second half of 2018, and to a lesser extent to the consolidation of Diadom (Silver Economy division). The performance of +6.1% stems from the introduction of a number of items:
- the 4.3% decline in the Mail revenue to €4,288 million. This activity is characterised by a 7.5% drop in addressed mail volumes (-€367 million), due to increased streamlining of shipments in the banking and public sectors and for telephony operators. This effect was partially offset by the 4.9% average price increase implemented on 1 January 2019 (+€180 million) and the rise in international flows of small (mainly import) parcels (+€13 million), as well as the impact of the European elections (+€22 million);
- the 4.2% increase in the Parcel revenue (+€35 million) to €884 million. This result was buoyed by increased flows (volumes up by 9.6%7 to 168 million items), driven by growth in e-commerce and particularly BtoC flows, as well as the development of "out-of-home" deliveries and return flows;
- the growth in Local Services as a result of Silver Economy activities
(+€19 million including a scope effect of +€18 million) and new services (+€6 million). The other activities have recorded contrasting changes, with advertising mail up (+€10 million) and logistics down (-€7 million).
Operating profit for the Services-Mail-Parcels business unit decreased by 24.0% to
€289 million (down 26.2% at constant scope and exchange rates), due to the fall in traditional mail, which was not offset by the Parcels operating profit nor by the positive contribution of new activities and acquisitions.
Revenue for the GeoPost business unit increased by €252 million to €3,730 million or 7.2% (+7.3% at constant scope and exchange rates). GeoPost has implemented a price increase policy in certain countries, boosting revenue with volume growth of 2.3%
(638 million parcels), and a BtoC share which now covers 44% of total volumes. Also of note is the positive impact of surcharges applied on 1 January 2019 (+€35 million). Most geographic areas have posted a positive change in organic revenue, in particular the United Kingdom (+6.4%), Germany (+5.9%) and France (+5.8%).
GeoPost's operating profit was down 7.5% (-8.0% at constant scope and exchange rates) to €193 million. This change is primarily due to a European backdrop characterised by Brexit and pressures on subcontracting costs in certain countries.
GeoPost is pursuing its external growth transactions, and today announces an agreement with shareholders of BRT (in which it has already held a 37.5% stake since 2017), which authorises it (subject to the approval of the competition authorities) to acquire a majority stake in BRT, the leading express parcel operator in Italy.
La Banque Postale
La Banque Postale reported a Net Banking Income (NBI) of €2,850 million, down 2.6%
(-3.0% after restating the home savings provision).
- Retail banking:
The fact that interest rates have remained at an all-time low (or even negative) has weighed on the retail banking NBI, which stood at €2,596 million, down 4.1%
(-4.6% excluding the home savings provision). The net interest margin, restated for the home savings provision, fell by 6.0% while commissions were down 2.1%, following the impact of commitments made by La Banque Postale to cap incidental banking costs in the wake of government measures introduced at the end of 2018. The impact of these measures is calculated at €39 million.
However, commercial activities remain robust, with outstanding loans still growing (+14.5%, of which 36.3% for the loans to legal entities segment, 3.2% for the consumer loan segment and 4.7% for home loans), the same as outstanding savings (+1.9%), characterised by both an increase in ordinary savings and sight deposits, and by virtual stability in financial savings. Meanwhile, outstandings for the BPE subsidiary were up 9.6% and highlighted the boosting of the Bank's expertise in respect of high net-worth customers.
- NBI for the Asset Management division was stable at €74 million. Outstandings increased (+2.6%) to €230 billion over the period.
- Finally, the NBI for the Insurance division was up 24.2% to €180 million, supported by a non-life insurance policy portfolio which increased by 0.4%, together with the commercial momentum of the P&C segment (policies up by 3.8%).
La Banque Postale's contribution to the Group's operating profit was down 9.9% to
€492 million. Efforts to rein in expenses resulted in a 0.6% drop in management expenses, but did not totally offset the decline in NBI. Therefore, the cost to income ratio reached 83.2%. The cost of risk stood at €41 million (compared with €49 million for the first half of 2018). It remained at a very low 7 basis points compared to outstandings, despite the growth in outstanding loans and more particularly business with legal entities.
The revenue of the Digital Services business unit, at €339 million, increased by 8.4% (+4.6% at constant scope and exchange rates).
Revenue for the “Commercial Activities” division grew by 7.6% to €306 million, thanks to the Docaposte and Mediapost Communication subsidiaries, and the laposte.fr
e-commerce portal. More specifically, Docaposte revenues were up by 6.3% to €261 million, thanks to the development of its digital activities and the Voxaly and Brains acquisitions. Revenue for Mediapost Communication (whose activities are now based around data and artificial intelligence) increased by 20.2% to €19 million, which included the acquisition of Marketshot. Lastly, sales on the e-commerce website laposte.fr were up 9.2%.
Furthermore, the "Transformation and Innovation" division of the business unit has committed investments and expenditure for the Group's digital projects and for other business units. These investments were up over the half-year with the development of cross-entity projects and of the "digital trust" activity. Notably, Digiposte customers were up by 32% to 3.5 million.
The Digital Services business unit reported a decrease in operating profit of €5 million to
-€5 million, due to a ramping up of projects and the development of new activities, as well as costs related to platform security and regulatory compliance (GDPR16 in particular).
In an increasingly multichannel environment, the Network continues to adapt the formats in which it is present. It has thus installed 143 new urban “La Poste Relais” outlets in the first half of 2019 and has consolidated its services to the general public with its 501 Public Service Areas, already installed since 2017. In this context, overall customer satisfaction remains high. The transformation of the Network therefore contributes positively to Le Groupe La Poste's cost control. Furthermore, the Network's commercial dynamism is sustained, driven in particular by the banking advisors activity and by the development of mail-parcel services for professional customers.
In an extremely competitive market, La Poste Mobile17 has managed to win over 307,000 new customers (including prepaid customers), 256,000 of which were new subscribers during the half-year, (85,000 net subscription sales). It now has a total database of
1.6 million customers, representing an increase of 6%.
"Other segments and intercompany" notably includes Real Estate and Supports & Structures, primarily internal within the Group.
Other sectors' profits/losses are deducted from those of the business units to obtain the Group's consolidated operating profit/loss:
- unallocated expenses (-€323 million) includes the net costs of the postal coverage
- profits/losses of the Support functions and Head Office Services (-€73 million);
- the Real Estate profit of €34 million is down €159 million, due to the impact of the
€168 million profit from the real estate site disposal in the first half of 201818.
Strategic equity alliance between La Poste and Caisse des Dépôts: key steps taken for the creation of a large public financial unit
Since the beginning of 2019, a number of key steps have been taken in the project for the creation of a large public financial unit, involving the French State, Caisse des Dépôts, La Poste, La Banque Postale and CNP Assurances.
- The PACTE Act was enacted on 22 May, meaning that Caisse des Dépôts can now become the majority shareholder of La Poste;
- On 4 June, the BPCE group and La Banque Postale announced they had begun discussions with a view to expanding and deepening their industrial partnership at the same time as the major public banking and insurance unit is established. A project to bring certain, mainly insurance-based, euro rate management activities together within a common platform was announced, as well as an eight-year extension of the agreements between BPCE / Natixis and CNP Assurances relating to ADE19, contingency insurance and healthcare, until 31 December 2030;
- On 11 June, the French State, Caisse des Dépôts, La Poste and La Banque Postale signed a non-binding memorandum of understanding for the creation of a large public financial unit. It will be implemented by way of a contribution by the French State and Caisse des Dépôts to La Poste, followed by the contribution by La Poste to La Banque Postale, of their respective equity investments of 1.11% and 40.87% in CNP Assurances. Once the deal is complete, Caisse des Dépôts will hold a majority stake in La Poste. La Banque Postale's equity investment in the capital of CNP Assurances (whose multi-partnership model is reaffirmed by this project) will then increase to 62.13%;
- On 25 June, the French Financial Markets Authority (Autorité des marchés financiers − AMF) granted La Banque Postale an exemption from its obligation to submit a takeover bid for CNP Assurances. The period for appealing this exemption elapsed on 8 July 2019.
- On 26 June, La Banque Postale withdrew from the CNP Assurances agreement concluded on 2 September 1998with Caisse des Dépôts, the French State, La Poste and BPCE. This agreement shall no longer be effective from 1 January 2020, and a new shareholders' agreement between Caisse des Dépôts, La Poste, La Banque Postale and the French State will take effect on 1 January 2020, under which the parties' rights and obligations shall be identical to those contained in the original agreement. The parties to the new agreement have agreed on a long-term basis that the agreement shall remain in force until all operations have been completed;
- On 26 July, the BPCE group and La Banque Postale confirmed that they had moved forward in discussions aimed at expanding their industrial partnership, with a target completion date in the first half of 2020. Furthermore, BPCE and La Banque Postale will sign a new shareholders' agreement regarding CNP Assurances, in their capacity as stable shareholders of the company, holding respectively 16.11% and 62.13%;
- On 31 July, the binding memorandum for the creation of a large public financial unit has been signed by all parties involved: the French State, Caisse des Dépôts, La Poste and La Banque Postale.
The proper completion of information or consultation processes for staff representation bodies of the various entities has been carried out.
Completion of this project is currently subject to obtaining regulatory authorisations from the relevant authorities.
Against the backdrop of a difficult macroeconomic environment, Le Groupe La Poste expects moderate organic growth of its revenue over the year. In the second half of 2019 and in 2020 it will seek to shore up its economic and financial results and maintain its investment capacity by rolling out a cross-entity Group savings programme for
€300 million that will primarily target head office and Structures costs. It will also target reinforced investment prioritising (with -€100 million impact).
The second half will also be dedicated to the achievement of key steps of the Group's strategic plan announced during first half:
- the strategic equity alliance with Caisse des Dépôts for a shared industrial project in the interests of the French people and regions;
- the merger between La Banque Postale and CNP Assurances;
- the acquisition of a majority stake in BRT, the leading express parcel operator in Italy.
These projects should be completed in full during the first half of 2020.
The half-year financial report of Le Groupe La Poste is now available online at https: //www.groupelaposte.com / Our Financial Information / Publications
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* Free cash flow = cash flows from operating activities excluding change in provisions for current assets and irrecoverable receivables + HR provisions (excluding end-of-career arrangements) – CAPEX net of disposals – Net interest paid – loan repayments and financial expenses on finance leases
 Subject to the approval of the competition authorities
2 Fully loaded CET1 ratio
3 Excluding centralised savings held by Caisse des Dépôts.
4 Operating profit/loss (for the Group and business units) is presented after share of net profit/(loss) of companies under joint control
5 Exchange rate effect of €0 million
6 La Boétie real estate site located in Paris
7 In equivalent working days.
8 Tikeasy, Axeo, Asten Santé and Diadom
9 Services rolled out by subsidiaries (Geoptis, Recygo, Mobigreen, Nouvelle attitude)
10 GeoPost operates under the DPD, Chronopost and Seur brands.
11 +2.2% organic growth
12 A reversal of €28 million at 30/06/2019 versus a reversal of €17 million at 30/06/2018, i.e. a change of +€12 million
 The retail bank's cost of credit risk compared with outstandings at the beginning of the period
 Voxaly, Brains, Marketshot, Société and Médiaprisme BE
15 Advertising marketing activities were transferred to the Services-Mail-Parcels business unit on 1 January 2019
16 General Data Protection Regulation
17 La Poste Mobile is a brand operated by La Poste Telecom, a joint venture between Le Groupe La Poste (51%) and SFR (49%).
18 La Boétie real estate site located in Paris
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